Do you know the differences between Arabica and Robusta coffee?

For those of you new to the world of coffee, you may have noticed that you may have noticed that some beans boast of being 100% Arabica or even Robusta. But what exactly does that mean?

Did you know that there are over 100 different types of coffee? Arabica and Robusta are just two different species of coffee, but they are the two most commonly grown beans for coffee consumption. But what is the difference between Arabica and Robusta coffee beans and does it really matter what type of coffee you use in your coffee?

Before continuing, it should also be noted that the preparation of the coffee is also important. That is why the use of a good coffee machine and of course a good coffee grinder is decisive for the enjoyment of your coffee.

Let's take a closer look at these two methods and explore what different and unique in the world of coffee.

Arabica and Robusta - the basics

Before going into the details of the grains, here is some brief information on each of them.

Arabica coffee beans are more oval and flat in shape and have a sweeter, lighter, smoother taste. They also have more oils in the beans themselves, so they can pack more fruity, zesty, sweet flavours. Arabica beans make up about 75 % of all coffee on the market and are generally more expensive to purchase.

Robusta beans are slightly smaller and rounder in shape, and have a stronger, bitter round shape, and have a stronger, bitter and more powerful taste. Since they have oils, they often have more natural, earthy and heavy flavours. heavier flavours. They represent 25% of the coffee market and are often cheaper than Arabica beans. expensive than Arabica beans.

Plants, cultivation and cost

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Arabica is widely regarded as the most popular coffee among most popular among most drinkers, mainly because the milder, sweeter and lighter taste is easier to taste is easier to enjoy for a larger number of people. number of people. Latin America, particularly Brazil, is currently the largest producer of Arabica coffee. currently the largest producer of Arabica coffee, with Vietnam leading the way in Robusta for Robusta coffee.

These grains are normally grown at higher elevations, are more vulnerable to pests and are generally more difficult to grow and harvest. The plants, which are about 15 feet tall, also produce a lower yield. For this reason, many more harvests are required to obtain the amount of coffee needed for processing.

Robusta is less well known and less consumed than Arabica because of its more bitter taste. They are grown at a lower altitude and are and are commonly grown in the Eastern Hemisphere in places like Africa, Indonesia and Vietnam Africa, Indonesia and Vietnam, with Vietnam being the largest producer of producer of these plants.

It is much easier to grow and the plants themselves are are less susceptible to pests and diseases. They grow about 20 feet tall and require less attention and maintenance attention and maintenance than Arabica beans. Robusta plants

Caffeine, antioxidants and sugars

In addition to the differences between plants and the cultivation of plants, each grain contains different levels of minerals and other chemical chemical compounds.

For example, Robusta contains much more caffeine than caffeine than Arabica. Robusta beans contain 2.7 % of caffeine. Compare this with the 1.5 % of caffeine found in Arabica beans and you can see why Robusta, with its high caffeine content, is a better choice. Arabica beans and you will see why Robusta, with almost double the caffeine caffeine content, is tailor-made for those who like a good dose of caffeine in the morning.

However, the caffeine content is not the only difference. Arabica beans contain 60 % more fat and almost twice as many natural sugars as Robusta. This can certainly have an impact on the taste of the coffee, but more on that later.

Many people know that coffee in general contains a lot of antioxidants, but few know that the amount of antioxidants varies from one coffee antioxidants varies between coffee species. For example, Robusta contains 7 to 10% of For example, Robusta contains 7 to 10% of chlorogenic acid, but Arabica contains only 5.5 to 8%.

As you can see, even the chemical composition of these these coffees and what they give us are very different from each other.

Cost of coffee beans

On the market, Arabica coffee beans fetch a much higher price than Robusta than Robusta coffee beans. This is due to their difficulty in developing and harvesting, as well as the high demand they have the world.

Where are the grains used?

If you start reading the small print on most of the beans you find in your local of the beans you find in your local coffee shop, you will find that most of them are most of them are Arabica coffee. In fact, many roasters boast that their beans are boast that their beans are 100% Arabica as if it were a badge of of honour.

Although Arabica is the most popular type of bean used in coffee, this does not mean that Robusta beans do not have their place in the coffee world. In many espresso beans, especially Italian roasts, you will find a mixture of Arabica and Robusta beans. You can also find Robusta beans used in coffee that is higher in caffeine content.

Robusta beans, due to the increased caffeine and lack of sugars, tend to have a stronger, bitter caffeine and lack of sugars, tend to have a stronger, bitter taste, and have earthy, nutty and woody notes. These beans are perfect for espresso, adding a lot of spice and flavour to any cup of coffee. of coffee.

Arabica beans tend to have a much more fruity and sweet taste than taste than Robusta beans, which makes them more popular than Robusta.

It is also worth noting that high quality Robusta beans can be as tasty as Arabica and in some bean can be as tasty as Arabica and in some cases many will enjoy it even more than a cases, many will enjoy it even more than a high quality Arabica bean. quality Arabica bean.

While Robusta beans are often said to be of lower quality than Arabica, this is not the case. quality than Arabica, this is really not the case. In fact, they bring their own unique flavours to the table. Although they are more suitable for coffee drinkers who prefer a little more caffeine and a much stronger taste, it is taste, to say that they are of lesser quality is far from the truth. true.


The truth is that both beans bring something unique to the world of coffee and should be recognised for it. If you're a coffee lover looking to expand your palate, it's worth giving these two beans a chance. With these primary characteristics in mind, the possibilities for improving your cup of coffee are endless.

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